Critical listening is essential to my compositional approach and performance skills. I employ focused listening in every aspect of composing and develop an intimate connection with my sound materials. To expand and refine my listening awareness, I began studying Deep Listening® with Pauline Oliveros, Ione, and Heloise Gold. Deep Listening has become an integral part of my sonic explorations and compositional endeavors. I'm certified in this practice able to lead Deep Listening activities and workshops. Learn more about Deep Listening via the Institute's website and get involved with the Deep Listening Study Groups on Facebook.